Nosebleeds are not usually a sign of anything serious. They're common, particularly in children, and most can be easily treated at home.

Go to Emergency if one of the following is true:

See a doctor if one of the following is true:

The doctor might want to test you for haemophilia or for other conditions like anaemia.

How to stop a nosebleed yourself (video is below):

Holding an icepack (or a bag of frozen peas wrapped in a tea towel) on the top of the nose may help reduce the blood flow. But the evidence to show it works is not very strong.

Video: How to treat a nosebleed

Causes of a nosebleed

The inside of the nose is delicate and nosebleeds happen when it's damaged. This can be caused by:

Nosebleeds that need medical attention can come from deeper inside the nose and usually affect adults. 

They can be caused by:

Sometimes the cause of a nosebleed is unknown.

Certain people are more prone to getting nosebleeds, including:

Hospital treatment for nosebleeds

If doctors can see where the blood is coming from, they may seal it by pressing a stick with a chemical on it to stop the bleeding.

If this is not possible, doctors might pack your nose with sponges to stop the bleeding. You may need to stay in hospital for a day or two.

When a nosebleed stops

After a nosebleed, for 24 hours try not to:

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